Lionel qualified in Oct 1999 as a Professional Homeopath (LCH), from the London College of Homeopathy. He registered with two professional organisations; The Society of Homeopaths (RSHom, resigned July 2007), and The Alliance of Registered Homeopaths (MARH). Lionel became a homeopath because after 20 years exposure to a therapeutic discipline (his NHS GP was a medical homeopath) that seems to fly in the face of ‘sane’ scientific logic, he wanted to find out how it ‘worked’. He has not been disappointed.
Lionel practices both at home, and have practiced at Ainsworth’s Homeopathic Pharmacy in New Cavendish Street, London. He has also worked at Nelsons Homeopathic Pharmacy in Duke St, London. He spent a year working with the homeless (as part of the National Homeopathic Service) in various shelters in London, dealing with alcohol, drugs, and vagrancy-related issues.
In 2001, Lionel took the Orion Course in Advanced Homeopathy to improve his knowledge base and effectiveness as a practitioner.
He has been actively engaged in homeopathic research since 1998, when he began his final year project at The London College of Homeopathy. This included the use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to try to investigate the physical effects of potentisation. Between 1998 and 2001, Lionel designed the experiments and supervised the work, which was conducted initially at Imperial College London (with a couple of research assistants) and then in collaboration with Tony Pinkus and John Lee at Ainsworth’s Homeopathic Pharmacy in Caterham, with the assistance of a research technician. This work was financed by a generous grant of £50,000 from the private benefactor, the late Sir Emmanuel Kay, chairman of Lansing-Bagnell, and included funds to help manufacture a completely computer-controlled homeopathic remedy potentising machine (The Pinkus Potentiser), and purchase of a desk-top NMR spectrometer from Brucker in Coventry. It is intended to further proceed with this work into the area of the effects of homeopathic potencies on the growth of seedlings.
Lionel's research now consists mainly in developing theoretical models for the Vital Force and the homeopathic process, based on the physics of gyroscopes and quantum theory. Ultimately, this theoretical research will enable the means to find alternative experimental methods for demonstrating the effectiveness of homeopathy and other CAMs. To this end, since 2000 he has published over 60 academic papers, journal articles, and conference proceedings in Homeopathy (ex-British Homeopathic Journal), the German CAM journal Forschende Komplimentärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde, the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, and Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM). Others are awaiting publication or being written. Lionel is in the process of applying to the Samueli Foundation for research funds, and will also be applying for EU funding.
Lionel is a regular contributor to the Society of Homeopaths’ journal and newsletter; he won the first HSA Award for excellence in homeopathic research, 2003 presented by the Society of Homeopaths; Lionel has been an advisor to and appeared in recent BBC Horizon and ABC Television programmes on homeopathy. He has served on the Research & Audit Committee of the Society of Homeopaths. In March 2005, Lionel was elected by its membership to serve as a Director of the Society of Homeopaths. He resigned from this post and membership of the Society in July 2007. In September 2007 he joined The Register of Homeopaths.
As a fully qualified complementary health practitioner and practicing scientist, Lionel is brought constantly face to face with issues arising from the interface of orthodox science and CAMs. Much of his research on the Vital Force and the homeopathic process may be seen as an attempt to reconcile these two apparently contradictory paradigms.
Lionel has spoken at many international conferences and symposia including Freiburg (Generalised Entanglement from a Multidisciplinary Perspective; 2003), Nottingham (Alternative and Complementary Healthcare Network: Diversity and Debate in Alternative and Complementary Health Conferences; 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007), Keele (Society of Homeopaths; 2000, 2004), Southampton (Developing Research Strategies, organized by Dr George Lewith and sponsored by Elsevier; 2005), Exeter (12th Annual Symposium on Complementary Healthcare; 2005), the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital (International Research Conferences: Improving the Success of Homeopathy; 2001, 2006), and The Alliance of Registered Homeopaths Autumn Conference and AGM 2007. He also gives regular interactive seminars and workshops to homeopaths and at homeopathy colleges.
Lionel is currently building research collaborations with Prof Harald Walach (University of Northampton); Prof Michael Hyland (Plymouth University), Dr Martien Brands (University of Liverpool), Dr Alex Hankey (Kent), and Dr Otto Weingärtner (Germany) to develop the theoretical basis and an experimental context for macro-entanglement in the therapeutic process. He hopes to collaborate with these and others on applications for research funding. This research will concentrate on developing new ways of acquiring an evidence base for homeopathy/CAMs independent of the essentially positivist ideology of the randomized controlled trial.
Lionel acted as main PhD examiner for Dr Vilma Bharatan at the Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum and Department of Plant Sciences, University of Reading. Her thesis, entitled ‘Plant Names in Homeopathy’, was jointly supervised by Dr Chris Humphries (NHM) and Dr John Barnett (Reading), and indicated an urgent need on the part of homeopaths to correct the names of the plant remedies they use so that they are more in line with the modern botanical code. He has also acted as external PhD examiner for Dr Katya Boehm by publication. Her thesis was prepared from published papers, written while she was a Pilkington Research Fellow at the Peninsula Medical School of the University of Exeter, supervised by Prof Edzard Ernst.
Currently, Lionel has also been Research Module Leader for degree and post-graduate courses at Middlesex University’s Centre for Homeopathic Education, a role that requires curriculum setting, lecturing, and marking.
Lionel is planning a book on new theoretical approaches to homeopathy and CAMs (working title, “How is Homeopathy Possible?), incorporating much of the academic and workshop materials he has been developing. Lionel has several publishers interested, including Saffron Press.
Bibliography of publications and conference proceedings on homeopathy
1. LR Milgrom. Ou est-vous, Dr Conte? The Homeopath, 1999, 72,
2. LR Milgrom. “The Memory of Molecules”, The Independent, (19. 3. 1999).
3. LR Milgrom. Je te connais, Dr Conte, je te connais. The Homeopath, 2000, 79, 12.
4. LR Milgrom, KR King, J Lee, AS Pinkus. On the investigation of homeopathic potencies
using low resolution NMR T2 relaxation times: an experimental critical survey of the
work of Roland Conte, et al. Br. Hom. J., 2001;90:5.
5. LR Milgrom. “Thanks for the Memory”, The Guardian, (15. 3. 2001).
6. LR Milgrom. Spin Doctors. The Homeopath, 2001;81:16.
7. LR Milgrom. Vitalism, complexity, and the concept of spin. Homp., 2002;91:26.
8. LR Milgrom. Homeopathy: The Therapy That Dare Not Speak its Name? Network
Review, No 79; August 2002: pp2-7.
9. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 1: a qualitative, non-
local metaphor for homeopathy based on quantum theory. Homp., 2002;91:239.
10. LR Milgrom. Review of ‘Water: The Vital Force of Life’. Homp., 2002;91(4):265-266.
11. LR Milgrom. “Water: is the truth out there?”, Chem Brit, 2002, 38, 21.
12. LR Milgrom. The memory of water regained? Homp., 2003;92:223.
13. LR Milgrom. Is this evidence for the memory of water? New Scientist, (2003), 178, No
14. LR Milgrom. Homeopathy and the quantum world: why bother? The Homeopath,
15. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 2: extending the
metaphor for homeopathy using molecular quantum theory. Homp., 2003;92:35.
16. LR Milgrom. Do homeopaths dream of modern physics? Review of ‘A New Physics of
Homeopathy’ by Colin Lessell, Homp., 2003;92(2):61-64.
17. LR Milgrom. Reviewer’s response to Colin Lessell’s rebuttal. Homp., 2003;92((2):125.
18. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 3: refining the
quantum metaphor for homeopathy. Homp., 2003;92:152.
19. LR Milgrom. Towards entanglement metaphors for Homeopathy: Patient-practitioner-
remedy (PPR) Entanglement. Proceedings: Generalised Entanglement from a
Multidisciplinary Perspective, Freiburg, Germany, October 2003.
20. LR Milgrom. “Spin Doctors”, Chem. Brit., 2003, 39, 36.
21. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 4: Towards
classification and unification of the different entanglement models for homeopathy.
22. LR Milgrom. Response to Jay Yasgur. Homp., 2004;93(1):43.
23. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 5: can homeopathic
remedy reactions be outcomes of PPR entanglement? Homp., 2004;93:94.
24. LR Milgrom. Reconciling science with homeopathy: towards a calculus of cure? The
25. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 6. Miasms revisited:
non-linear quantum theory as a model for the homeopathic process. Homp., 2004;93:154.
26. LR Milgrom. ACHRN 1st Conference on Diversity and Debate in CAM, Nottingham,
June/July 2004; presented a paper on PPR entanglement in the homeopathic process
27. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 7: A Gyroscopic
Metaphor for the Vital Force and its use to illustrate some of the Empirical Laws of
Homeopathy. Forsch. Komplementärmed. Klass. Naturheilkd., 2004;11:212.
28. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 8: ‘Laser-like’
Action of the Homeopathic Therapeutic Encounter as Predicted by a Gyroscopic
Metaphor for the Vital Force. Forsch. Komplementärmed. Klass. Naturheilkd
29. LR Milgrom. The sound of two hands clapping: could homeopathy actually work locally
and non-locally? Homp 2005;94:100-104.
30. LR Milgrom. On Suffering. Network Review, No 87; Spring 2005: pp10-14.
31. LR Milgrom. ACHRN 2nd Conference on Diversity and Debate in CAM, Nottingham,
July 2005; presented a workshop (on PPR entanglement in homeopathy) and a paper
questioning the validity of the double-blind RCT for investigating homeopathy.
32. LR Milgrom. Are randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) redundant for testing the efficacy
of homeopathy? A critique of RCT methodology from the theoretical standpoint of
patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement. J Altern Complement Med 2005;11:
33. LR Milgrom. Building Research Strategies Conference at University of Southampton,
April 2005, Presentation on redundancy of double-blind placebo-controlled RCTs
34. LR Milgrom. Are double-blind placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) redundant for testing the
efficacy of homeopathy? Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies 2005;10
(suppl 1): 38, 12th Annual Symposium on Complementary Health Care – Abstracts.
35. LR Milgrom. Towards a new metaphor for the homeopathic process based on quantum
field theory (QFT). Part 1. Concepts. Forsch. Komplementärmed. Klass. Naturheilkd
36. LR Milgrom. Are double-blind placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) adequate for testing the
efficacy of homeopathy? An algebraic critique of RCT methodology. Presented at the
Royal London Homeopathic Hospital conference; Improving the Success of Homeopathy
5: A Global Perspective, Jan 26-27th 2006, London UK.
37. LR Milgrom. Iron In The Soul. The Homeopath, Spring 2006, 24:4, pp131-134.
38. LR Milgrom. Is homeopathy possible? J Roy Soc Health 2006;126(5):207-14.
39. LR Milgrom. Entanglement, Knowledge and Their Possible Effects on the Outcomes of
Blinded Trials of Homeopathic Provings. J Altern Complement Med 2006;12:271-279.
40. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 9: ‘Torque’-like
action of the homeopathic remedy. J Altern Complement Med 2006;12:915-929.
41. LR Milgrom. ACHRN 3rd Conference on Diversity and Debate in CAM, Nottingham,
July 2006; presented a paper entitled, “Spin doctoring: a gyroscopic model of the Vital
42. LR Milgrom. Homeopathy and Randomised Eminent Professors (Emeritus or
Otherwise). Evid Based Complement Alt Med 2006 published as an e-letter 14th July
43. LR Milgrom. Journeys in The Country of The Blind: Entanglement Theory and The
Effects of Blinding on Trials of Homeopathy and Homeopathic Provings. Evid Based
Complement Alt Med doi:10.1093/ecam/nel062.
44. LR Milgrom. ‘“Homeopathy is Bunk!” Discuss.’ Part 1. Homeopathic Informer,
published as an e-journal, August 2006,
45. LR Milgrom. ‘“Homeopathy is Bunk!” Discuss.’ Part 2. Homeopathic Informer,
published as an e-journal, March 2007,
46. LR Milgrom. Journeys in The Country of The Blind: Entanglement Theory and The
Effects of Blinding on Trials of Homeopathy and Homeopathic Provings. Evid Based
Complement Alt Med 2007;4:7-16.
47. LR Milgrom. A cautionary word on democracy – from the banks of the River Ganges.
J Altern Complement Med 2007;13:1-2.
48. LR Milgrom. A homeopath’s response to unjust skepticism. J Altern Complement Med
49. LR Milgrom. Patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) entanglement, Part 10: toward a unified
theory of homeopathy and conventional medicine J Altern Complement Med 2007;13:
50. LR Milgrom. Conspicuous by its absence: the memory of water, macro-entanglement, and
the possibility of homeopathy. Homp 2007;96:209-219 (Invited contribution to a special
issue of Homeopathy devoted to The Memory of Water).
51. LR Milgrom. Entanglement in the homeopathic process: response to Simon Gates. Evid
Based Complement Alt Med 2007 published as an e-letter 21st June 2007;
52. LR Milgrom. ACHRN 4th Conference on Diversity and Debate in CAM, Nottingham,
July 2007; presented a paper entitled, “Could homeopathy/CAMs and conventional
medicine be part of the same holistic paradigm?”
52. LR Milgrom. Homeopathy, hubris, and the Third Reich. Evid Based Complement Alt Med
2007, published as an e-letter 6th November 2007;
53. LR Milgrom. Homeopathy, fundamentalism, and The Memory of Water. Current
Oncology 2007; 14(6): 221
54. LR Milgrom. A new geometrical description of entanglement and the curative
homeopathic process (accepted for publication in J Altern Complement Med).
55. LR Milgrom and S. Moebius. Is using Nazi research to condemn homeopathy ethical or
scientific? (accepted for publication in Br J Clin Pharmacol).
56. LR Milgrom. Homeopathy and the New Fundamentalism: a critique of the critics
(accepted for publication by J Altern Complement Med).
57. LR Milgrom. Response to Simon Bates: part 1. Leveling the playing field. Evid Based
Complement Alt Med 2007.,published as an e-letter 27th December 2007.
58. LR Milgrom. Response to Simon Bates: part 2. Schroedinger’s Silence. Evid Based
Complement Alt Med 2007, published as an e-letter 27th December 2007.
59. LR Milgrom. Response to Daniel Chrastina. Evid Based Complement Alt Med 2007,
published as an e-letter 27th December 2007.
60. LR Milgrom. Response to Adrian Gaylard: The dangerous swan-song of the straw man.
61. LR Milgrom and H. Walach. Treating Leick with like (submitted to Homeopathy).
62. LR Milgrom. No-one expects the British Inquisition (accepted by Homeopathy in
63. LR Milgrom. Homeo(dys)topia….’nuff said! (accepted by Homeopathy in Practice).